Allegiances shift at home and abroad. Despite extravagant claims of loyalty to France during the “Field of Cloth of Gold” ceremonies, Henry contemplates an alliance with Charles V, King of Spain, who was recently named Holy Roman Emperor. Because he is dependent on the support of the French cardinals, Wolsey‘schance to become Pope is threatened.
A gift of Machiavelli’s “The Prince” makes Henry wonder if it is better for a king to be loved or feared. For now, he sets about achieving both. He executes the scheming Duke of Buckingham for treason and celebrates the birth—by Lady Elizabeth Blount—of a first healthy baby son, whom he names Henry Fitzroy.