The Hive Wet Lab & Library
What IS science?! Well, we could spend the next several years of our lives having this conversation (and believe me, I’d love to!), but here are a couple of sites that will give you some sense of what scientists do, and what science is. By no means are these meant to be the last word on what “science” is! But they’ll give you a place to start thinking about it in a cogent way, and link you to other sites where you may want to continue your exploration:
The IQ test has a long and somewhat fraught history. If you’re interested in reading more about how we’ve developed a ranking system for intelligence, and constructed a biological justification for it, one of my favorite books on this subject is The Mismeasure of Man, by Stephen Jay Gould (W.W. Norton & Company, 1981)
The American Anthropological Association has an incredible site that offers all kinds of interesting information regarding the ways we’ve defined and made classifications of race, and based all manner of social concepts and political policies on these definitions. You can get lost in this site for days—so be warned!
But in respect to intelligence testing specifically you can see what they say here:
On Henry Goddard:
IQ tests were used in developing immigration policies into the United States, and you may find it interesting to discover this particular aspect of their social application:
There is an enormous amount of literature on ethics and biological research. A quick search on bioethics will pull up millions of results. Here is an interesting article to give you some idea of how scientists and policy makers are trying to make sense of the ethical issues involved.
Also, a useful primer on ethics and human cloning can be found here.
And here is an interesting commentary from NPR.