As you may have noticed, Americans like to work hard and play hard. Just as well really, since the amount of public holidays here is less than Brits are used to – though you will get some new ones. As the U.S. eases into the Labor Day weekend, here’s a rundown of America’s equivalent to our bank holidays. Plan your excursions accordingly (although note that not all offices close on these days).
1. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
The third Monday in January, it celebrates the birthday of the clergyman and civil rights leader. The holiday began in 1986 – and Stevie Wonder wrote “Happy Birthday” in support of it – but was only observed in every state by the year 2000. Like all these federal holidays, it means that all government buildings are closed and there will be no mail delivery.
2. Presidents Day
The third Monday in February. It pays tribute to first President George Washington, and is officially known as Washington’s Birthday. Originally it took place on his actual birth date, February 22, and there was talk of combining it with Abraham Lincoln’s birthday, which is February 12 (actually a holiday in California and a few other states). But overall it’s a good time to get a deal on a new car and mattresses.
No massive change for Brits here. Same “movable feast” dates (next year it starts March 31), though the Brit obsession with chocolate eggs and the chance to stuff your face with them are not quite at the same level here in the U.S.A. – maybe because the U.S. holiday feels less secular. Big family dinner though.
4. Memorial Day
The last Monday of May, it remembers the men and women who have died in the U.S. armed forces. It began as a commemoration of the dead of the U.S. Civil War, but these days it honors all Americans who have died in all wars. Many will visit cemeteries festooned in stars and stripes flags, and since it usually marks the start of the summer vacation, it’s often a long weekend of barbeques, shopping and fireworks.
5. Independence Day
A celebration of July 4, 1776 when the first thirteen U.S. colonies (Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations) approved the historic document. It’s a day for fireworks, cookouts and travel chaos – and, among the uniquely American holidays, is second only to Thanksgiving in importance.
6. Labor Day
Seen as the end of the summer (and the day that my local city swimming pool closes), it falls on the first Monday in September and celebrates the economic and social contributions of unions and workers. That part of it has got rather lost over the years, and here it’s best known as the beginning of the NFL season – and the last hurrah before the kids go back to school.
7. Columbus Day
October 12 sees a very American celebration; it’s the anniversary of the day that 15th century Spanish explorer Christopher Columbus “discovered” America (or got fairly close, anyway). Celebrated in Spain and many countries in the Americas, it holds special significance for immigrant communities and celebrates its 75th birthday as an official Federal holiday this year (though not in Hawaii, Alaska or South Dakota, who don’t recognize it). Some places hold parades, while for most others it’s another excuse for big sales.
8. Veterans Day
November 11 is the day that honor armed forces veterans – not those who died during service – and also marks the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended WWI (formally at 11am on 11/11 in 1918). Brits know it already as Remembrance Day.
The non-denominational biggie. Often a huge family event with turkey, cranberry sauce, sweet potatoes, pumpkin pie and oodles of other food and drink, it’s a long weekend that starts on the fourth Thursday in November. Tradition says it marks the successful 1621 harvest meal of colonists in Plymouth, Massachusetts, though legend says it was also a shared meal with Native Americans, who had given the settlers seeds and taught them to fish. One of the most expensive and stressful times to travel, it follows Halloween as the beginning of the end of the year.
10. Christmas Day
The same day, though in politically/religiously correct America you’ll more hear people talk of “the Holidays” and about the menorah candles of the eight–day Hanukkah (Jewish) and Kwanzaa (an African-American week-long celebration that starts December 26). Regardless of how you celebrate, there’s no Boxing Day on the 26th – so back to work for you (if it’s not the weekend)!
Which U.S. public holiday is your favorite?