Queen Elizabeth II‘s actual birthday is on April 21, but the national celebration took place this past Saturday (June 13) with a parade and Trooping the Colour ceremony.
Celebrating the sovereign’s birthday on the first or second Saturday in June was started by Elizabeth’s great-grandfather King Edward VII in the 20th century. He preferred celebrating his birthday in the summer month, with hopes of better weather, rather than his birth month of November.
The traditional battle preparation dates back to the time of Charles II in the 17th Century, when the colors of a regiment were used to rally troops in battle.
“It takes six months to prepare a solider and a horse to go on parade, and it takes up to two days to perfect and polish all the kits that go on display,” said royal correspondent Roya Nikkhah.
Prior to the festivities Queen Elizabeth announced her birthday honors list on Friday, June 12, which included Benedict Cumberbatch, Chiwetel Ejiofor, and Eddie Redmayne.
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